|Breast-feeding as a contraceptive|
|1.a.||Consensus Statement||'Breast-feeding as a Family Planning Method'
Lancet Nov. 19th 1988; pp. 1204-5,
Report by Kathy Kennedy from an International group of Scientists at the Bellagio Study& Conf Centre; Italy.
|1.b.||Gross, B.||'Breastfeeding and the Return of Fertility',
Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine,
Westmead Centre, N.S.W., Australia.
Natural Regulation of Fertility'
British Medical Bulletin
1993 Vol 49, No 1 pp182-199
|'The Return of Fertility in Breastfeeding Women'
(Study of fifty-four breastfeeding experiences)
|1.e.||Perez, A.||'First Ovulation after Childbirth',
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
|'Clinical study of the lactational amenorrhoea method for family planning'.
Lancet 1992; 339: 968-70.
|1.g||World Health Organisation
||'Multinational Study of breast-feeding and lactational amenorrhoea. III Pregnancy during breast-feeding.'.
Fertility & Sterility, 1999, 72 (3) 431-440.
|2.a.||Chretien F C.
|'Human cervical mucus during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy in normal
and pathological conditions'.
Journal of Reproductive Medicine,
Vol 14, Number 5,
|2.b.||Chretien F C.||'The cyclic variations of the spatial distribution of cervical mucus framework as
demonstrated by scanning electron microscopy'.
Scanning Electron Microscopy of Human Reproductive Physiology.
Acta Obstet Gynae Scand.
|'An evaluation of teaching cervical mucus symptoms to ovulating infertile
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
|Differential penetration of morphologically normal and
abnormal human sperm into cervical mucus.
|2.e.||Odeblad, Prof Erik||'Cervical Mucus and their Functions'
Journal of the Irish Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons,
Vol 26, No. 1, Jan 1997.
|Cervix - changes|
|3.a.||Keefe, E. F.||'Self-observation of the Cervix to distinguish days of possible fertility',
Bulletin of the Sloane Hospital for Women, Columbia,
|Contraceptive pill - fertility after|
| FPA Study, Oxford,
'Return of fertility after discontinuance of oral contraceptives
- Influence of age and parity,
British Journal of Family Planning,
1986, Vol. 11, pp.120-140.
|'Natural methods for fertility control, prospective study',
International Journal of Fertility and Sterility 5,
Supplement, pp 48-51,
|5.b.||Bonnar J, Flynn A, Freundl G, Kirkman R, Royston R, Snowden R,||Personal hormone monitoring for contraception,
British Journal of Family Planning, 24, 128-134
|'Effectiveness and acceptability of the sympto-thermal method of natural
family planning in Germany',
Am J Obstet Gynecol 1991; 165: pp. 2052-4.
|5.d.||Marshall, Prof. John.||A prospective trial of the Mucothermic Method of natural family planning,'
International Review of Natural Family Planning,
|5.e||Marshall J.||Mucus and basal body temperature method of regulating births.
Field trial. Lancet 1976 Vol 2 pp 282-283.
|Efficiency of sympto-thermal method,
International Journal of Fertility 26,
pp 222-30, 1981.
|Comparative study of ovulation and sympto-thermal method,
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 141,
pp 368-76, 1981.
|5.h.||World Health Organisation Studies,||A Prospective Multi-center Trial of the Ovulation Method of Natural
The American Fertility Society, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.A.
||European multi-centre study of natural family planning (1989-1995).
Advances in contraception.1999: 15: 69-83,
|Intercourse - Timing for conception and gender selection|
|A prospective study of the pre-selection of the sex of offspring
by timing intercourse relative to ovulation.
1984; 41(6): 894-900
|6.b.||Gray, RH|| Natural family planning and sex selection - fact or fiction?
American J Obs and Gyne,
1991 Dec; 165 (6Pt 2);
|6.c.||Simpson, JL.|| Pregnancy and the timing of intercourse (editorial comment),
New England Journal of Medicine
1995 Dec 7; 333 (23): 1517-21
|Timing of sexual intercourse in relation to ovulation.
Effects on the probability of conception, survival of the pregnancy, and sex of the baby.
New England J Medicine
1995 Dec 7; 333(23): 1563-5
|Ovulation - biochemistry and ultrasound / subjective assessment|
|7.a.||Collins W P,
|'Biochemical indices of the fertile period in women,'
International Journal of Fertility, 26 (3)
1981 pp 196-202.
|Ovarian ultra-sonography highlights precison of symptoms
of ovulation as markers of ovulation.
BMJ 292, 1562 14 June 1986.
|'The reliability of women's subjective assessment of the fertile period,
relative to urinary gonadotrophins and follicular ultrasonic
measurements during the menstrual cycle',
Research in Family Planning,
|7.d.||France, J.||The detection of ovulation for fertility and infertility.
Recent Advances in Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ed J. Bonnar Churchill & Livingstone pp. 215-39 1983
|'Using the Ratio of Urinary Oestrogen and Progesterone Metabolites to Estimate Day
Statistics in medicine', 10, pp. 255-266
|7.f.||Wilcox, A. Weinberg, CR . Baird, D.
||'Timing of Sexual Intercourse in Relation to Ovulation. Effects on the Probability of Conception, Survival of the Pregnancy, and Sex of the Baby. '
The New England Journal of Medicine Vol 333.(23) Dec 7, 1995 pp. 1517-1521
|7.g.||Wood, JW.||'Fecundity and natural fertility in humans'.
Oxf. Rev Reprod. Biol 11; 61-109,
|7.h.||Wilcox A. J., Dunson D, Baird DD.,||'The timing of the ‘fertile window’ in the menstrual cycle: day specific estimates from a prospective study.
BMJ Vol 321; 18 November 2000. 1259-1262.'.
|8.a.||Clubb E M,
Pyper C M,
|'A pilot study on teaching natural family planning in general practice'.
Natural family planning: Current knowledge and new strategies for the 1990's.
Georgetown University, Washington D C
1990: pp. 130-2.
|9.a.||Marshall, Prof. John,||'Thermal changes in the normal menstrual cycle,'
British Medical Journal 1, 102.
|9.b.||Marshall, Prof. John
Barrett, Dr John.
|'The Risk of Conception on different days of the menstrual cycle',
Population Studies, vol 23, pp455,
|Indicators of Fertility||Questions|